Diabetes Wiki

Metabolic syndrome is a possible complication of diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is a term that describe a number of medical disorders increasing one's risk of cardiovascular diseases (that is, the diseases affecting heart and/or blood vessels) and diabetes. The term "metabolic syndrome" came into currency during the late 1950s, but it is in common use since 1970s. [1][2]The term is used to indicate various risk factors of diabetes which were known from at least from 1920s. Mayo clinic defines metabolic syndrome in these words: "Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk for heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Having just one of these conditions — increased blood pressure, elevated insulin levels, excess body fat around the waist or abnormal cholesterol levels — contributes to your risk of serious disease. In combination, your risk is even greater."[3]However, the Mayo clinic has also clarified that there is no precise definition of the term, and it has been known by different names including syndrome X and insulin resistance syndrome. Names may differ, but the group of these risk factors is on the rise affecting larger number of people, and some have more than one risk factor.

Risk factors[]

  • Age: The risk of metabolic syndrome increases with increasing age - for instance, it affects around 10% of persons in their 20s, while it affects around 40% of persons in their 60s.
  • Obesity: Overall obesity or obesity in parts of body (like around the waistline) increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.
  • Family history: Family history of diabetes increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.
  • Race: Hispanic and Asian people appear to be more susceptible to metabolic syndrome.
  • Other complications: Certain other medical complications, for example, high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease, increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.

Preventions & care[]

Taking a nutritive and healthy diet, doing regular exercise and regular medical check-ups (for example, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels) are some preventive steps to avoid or at least delay metabolic syndrome. Closely associated with preventive steps are certain self-care - for example, attempting to reduce weight, stop smoking if one is a smoker, and improving the intake of fibers in food.

External links[]


  1. Joslin EP. The prevention of diabetes mellitus. JAMA 1921;76:79–84.
  2. Kylin E. [Studies of the hypertension-hyperglycemia-hyperuricemia syndrome] (German). Zentralbl Inn Med 1923;44: 105-27.
  3. Metabolic syndrome - Introduction
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